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Sant'Anna Institute | Department of Study Abroad

Sant'Anna Institute

Campi Flegrei (Phlegraean Fields)

The Phlegraean Fields, known in Italian as Campi Flegrei, (from Greek φλέγος, burning), is a large 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) wide caldera situated to the west of Naples, Italy. It was declared a regional park in 2003. Lying mostly underwater, the area comprises 24 craters and volcanic edifices. Hydrothermal activity can be observed at Lucrino, Agnano and the town of Pozzuoli. There are also effusive gaseous manifestations in the Solfatara crater, which is known as the mythological home of the Roman god of fire, Vulcan.



The area was known to the Greeks, who had a colony nearby at Cumae.

Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy (Magna Graecia) and is perhaps most famous as the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl.


The Cumaean Sibyl was the priestess presiding over the Apollonian oracle at Cumae. The word sibyl comes from the ancient Greek word sibylla, meaning prophetess. There were many sibyls in different locations throughout the ancient world.


The importance of the Cumaean Sibyl in the legends of early Rome as codified in Virgil's Aeneid VI, the Cumaean Sibyl became the most famous among the Romans, because she was near to Roma.

The famous cave known as the “Antro della Sibilla” was discovered in 1932, the identification of which was based on the description by Virgil in the 6th book of the Aeneid.

The cave is a trapezoidal passage over 131 m long, running parallel to the side of the hill and cut out of the volcanic tuff stone and leads to an innermost chamber, where the Sibyl was thought to have prophesied.




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